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Cerebral Palsy Found in 4% Less Births in 2005 Than 1990

Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common childhood disorders that exists before birth or at birth. In the United States alone, there are over 500,000 children and adults who have the condition. However, over the past two decades the chance of being born with cerebral palsy has decreased, according to a new study.

Study related to rate of CP

Since 2000, researchers in the Netherlands have been studying the rate of children who are born with cerebral palsy, which is considered a condition that is often caused by brain injury during a difficult or poorly handled labor and deliver. The results of the study are published in the Journal of Pediatrics.

Underlying reasons why rate of CP is declining

During their research, it was found that there has been a significant decrease in cerebral palsy cases. The study attributes this to decreases in incidents of cystic periventricular leukomalcia (c-PVL) and intraventricular hemorrhage. Other medical advances including improvements in antenatal antibiotics, the use of arterial lines and Caesarian sections also contributed to the decrease.

The published study took into account 3,000 infants from 1990 to 2005, all of who were born prematurely. The findings showed that in 1990, 6.5% of all births resulted in cerebral palsy, while in 2005 it was only 2.2% of births.

Perhaps medical care is getting better?

Cerebral palsy can occur naturally, but most cases can be attributed to a medical error, which causes a child to be deprived of oxygen and develop brain damage. The overall rate of births linked to cerebral palsy has lowered thanks to advances in modern medicine.

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