Umbilical cord knots are exactly what they sound like, knots in the umbilical cord from fetal movements. There are also false knots, which are merely kinks in the cord.
Risk factors for developing umbilical cord knots include:
Long cord length
Large fetus size
Cord knots can present a problem if the knot is very tight, which can circulation… more »
An umbilical cord prolapse is where the cord enters the vagina before the baby through the open cervix. Then, as the baby is delivered, it can put pressure on the cord, cutting off blood flow and oxygen to the fetus.
Risk factors include: