Cerebral Palsy Research

Some of the most significant studies in the diagnosis and treatment of cerebral palsy have come over the course of the last decade as the medical and scientific communities have recommitted themsevels to understanding the complexities of this medical condition through intensive research projects.

We have highlighted some of the most significant cerebral palsy research studies by publication method. Many of these cerebral palsy research studies can be accessed on the Internet or through your local library.

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Books About Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Constraints on grip selection in hemiparetic cerebral palsy: effects of lesional side, end-point accuracy, and context

Published October 11, 2011 by B. Steenbergen (Author), R.G.J. Meulenbroek (Author), D.A Rosenbaum More information at Amazon.com

Early feeding abilities in children with cerebral palsy: a parental report study.(Report): An article from: Journal of Medical Speech - Language Pathology

Published March 1, 2009 by Early feeding abilities in children with cerebral palsy: a parental report study.(Report) More information at Amazon.com

A Research Synthesis: Diagnosis and Treatment of Infantile Cerebral Palsy for Rehabilitation Medicine

Published January 1, 2007 by China Science Press More information at Amazon.com

Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research (DESPR), NICHD, Report to the NACHHD Council, September 2005

Published September 1, 2005 by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development More information at Amazon.com

Focus On Cerebral Palsy Research

Published August 1, 2005 by Nova Science Pub Inc More information at Amazon.com

Trends in Cerebral Palsy Research

Published July 1, 2005 by Nova Science Pub Inc More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral Palsy With Known And Unknown Causes And Symptoms Affecting Newborn, Premature And Tiny Infants: Index And Medical Analysis Of New Information For All Nations

Published February 28, 2005 by Abbe Pub Assn of Washington Dc More information at Amazon.com

Birth Injuries - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References

Published September 3, 2004 by ICON Health Publications More information at Amazon.com

Birth Injuries - With & Without Complications: Index and Medical Analysis of New Research Information

Published April 1, 2004 by Abbe Pub Assn of Washington DC More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral Palsy - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References

Published December 12, 2003 by ICON Health Publications More information at Amazon.com

Report of the Development of Understanding of the Family Based Intervention Project for Children with Cerebral Palsy: From the Perspectives of Community

Published April 1, 2002 by COP Research More information at Amazon.com

Trial of Labor No More Hazardous Than Repeat C-Section.: An article from: Family Practice News

Published May 15, 2001 by Family Practice News (Magazine/Journal) More information at Amazon.com

Living and aging with cerebral palsy: A research report

Published January 1, 2000 by Wisconsin Council on Developmental Disabilities More information at Amazon.com

FLAME: Function Language and Movement Education Programme - Systematic Description of an Integrated Approach to the Education and Management of Pupils with Cerebral Palsy

Published October 1, 1996 by University of Southampton,Rehabilitation Research Unit More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral Palsy: Research

Published January 1, 1995 by American Physical Therapy Association More information at Amazon.com

Comparing scanning modes for youths with cerebral palsy

Published January 1, 1994 by U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center More information at Amazon.com

Recognizing talent: Cross-case study of two high potential students with cerebral palsy : executive summary

Published by National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented More information at Amazon.com

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy: Clinical and Research Approaches

Published October 15, 1992 by Oxford University Press, USA More information at Amazon.com

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research Number 253, April 1990 Cerebral Palsy

Published January 1, 1990 by J.B. Lipppincott More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral Palsy (Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research)

Published by Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins More information at Amazon.com

Birth Injuries: Medical Subject Analysis With Research Bibliography

Published March 1, 1987 by Abbe Pub Assn of Washington DC More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral palsy incidence in New Zealand and delays to physical treatment

Published January 1, 1981 by Management Services and Research Unit, Dept. of Health More information at Amazon.com

Cerebral Palsy: A Neurophysiological and Systems Theory Analysis

Published January 1, 1973 by The Spastic Centre Research Laboratory, University of New South Wales More information at Amazon.com

A demonstration and research project to study methods for facilitating the adaptation of adults with cerebral palsy to personal, social and vocational instrumental roles

Published January 1, 1965 by United Cerebral Palsy More information at Amazon.com

A survey of the physical and mental status of cerebral palsied european children at school in the Union of South Africa

Published January 1, 1961 by Dept. of Education, Arts, and Science, National Bureau of Educational and Social Research More information at Amazon.com

Agencies providing services and treatment to cerebral palsied persons in Dallas County, Texas, 1954-1955 (Cerebral palsy survey fund research report)

Published January 1, 1955 More information at Amazon.com

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Publications About Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in the Term Infant

Published: December 1, 2010 by Pub Med Central Open Summary
Hypoxia-ischemia in the perinatal period is an important cause of cerebral palsy and associated disabilities in children.

A systematic review of the psychometric properties of Quality of Life measures for school aged children with cerebral palsy

Published: November 9, 2010 by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
This systematic review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and clinical utility of all condition specific outcome measures used to assess quality of life (QOL) in school aged children with cerebral palsy (CP).

LEARN 2 MOVE 2-3: a randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of child-focused intervention and context-focused intervention in preschool children with cerebral palsy

Published: November 8, 2010 by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
Little is known about the efficacy and the working mechanisms of physical and occupational therapy interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). In recent years a shift from a child-focused intervention approach to a more context-focused intervention approach can be recognized.

Learn 2 Move 16-24: effectiveness of an intervention to stimulate physical activity and improve physical fitness of adolescents and young adults with spastic cerebral palsy; a randomized controlled trial

Published: November 5, 2010 by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
Persons with cerebral palsy (CP) are at risk for developing an inactive lifestyle and often have poor fitness levels, which may lead to secondary health complications and diminished participation and quality of life.

LEARN 2 MOVE 0-2 years: effects of a new intervention program in infants at very high risk for cerebral palsy; a randomized controlled trial

Published: November 2, 2010 by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
It is widely accepted that infants at risk for cerebral palsy need paediatric physiotherapy. However, there is little evidence for the efficacy of physiotherapeutic intervention. Recently, a new intervention program, COPCA (Coping with and Caring for infants with special needs - a family centered program), was developed.

LEARN 2 MOVE 7-12 years: a randomized controlled trial on the effects of a physical activity stimulation program in children with cerebral palsy

Published: by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
Regular participation in physical activities is important for all children to stay fit and healthy. Children with cerebral palsy have reduced levels of physical activity, compared to typically developing children.

Association of cerebral palsy with Apgar score in low and normal birthweight infants: population based cohort study

Published: October 7, 2010 by BMC Pediatrics, Volume 10 Open Summary
Objectives: To assess the association of Apgar score 5 minutes after birth with cerebral palsy in both normal weight and low birthweight children, and also the association with the cerebral palsy subdiagnoses of quadriplegia, diplegia, and hemiplegia.

Effect of hinged ankle-foot orthoses on standing balance control in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy

Published: July 15, 2010 by pub med central Open Summary
To identify the characteristics of static standing balance and its postural control mechanisms during quiet side-by-side standing and the changes in these measures whilst wearing hinged ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) in children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP).

Development of an interactive upper extremity gestural robotic feedback system: from bench to reality

Published: April 14, 2010 by Pub Med Central, page(s) 5973–5976 Open Summary
Development of an interactive system to treat patients with movement impairments of the upper extremity is described.

Validity and reliability of physical functioning computer-adaptive tests for children with cerebral palsy

Published: January 30, 2010 by Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Open Summary
The purpose of this study was to assess the concurrent validity and reliability of scores from 4 new parent-report computer-adapted testing (CAT) programs developed to measure the physical functioning of children with cerebral palsy (CP).

The New Jersey Institute of Technology Robot-Assisted Virtual Rehabilitation (NJIT-RAVR) system for children with cerebral palsy: a feasibility study

Published: November 16, 2009 by Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, Volume 6 Open Summary
We hypothesize that the integration of virtual reality (VR) with robot assisted rehabilitation could be successful if applied to children with hemiparetic CP.

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Studies and Dissertations About Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Effects of Delays to Response Blocking when used as Treatment for Problem Behavior Maintained by Automatic Reinforcment

Published December 7, 2009 by Kliebert, Megan Leigh Open Summary
Response blocking and response interruption are common interventions for problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement in the treatment literature, but these interventions may be extremely challenging for caregivers to implement with fidelity (i.e., immediately blocking each instance)

Examining Individual and Neighborhood-Level Risk Factors for Delivering Preterm

Published January 1, 2009 by Dooley, Pamela A. Open Summary
This dissertation examines the relationship between several neighborhood and individual-level factors and the probability of delivering a preterm infant. Infants born prematurely, or at less than 37 weeks of gestation, have a greater risk of long-term developmental disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, than infants born at full term.

Rehabilitation strategies to improve upper limb movement quality in children with cerebral palsy

Published by Schneiberg Dias, Sheila Open Summary
Children with CP are extremely heterogeneous in terms of etiology and clinical features. The diversity of symptoms among CP syndromes is a challenge for different branches of health research. Despite the efforts of many studies in examining rehabilitation strategies to improve upper limb (UL) function in children with CP, the confidence in the validity of these studies’ evidence is still moderate to low.

Investigation of Unintentional Movement in People with Cerebral Palsy to Improve Computer Target Acquisition

Published July 22, 2008 by Sibenaller, Sara Marie Open Summary
People with Cerebral Palsy (CP) have difficulty using computer pointing devices due to unintentional movement in their upper extremities. Fifty percent of people with CP have impaired arm-hand function which limits their ability to interface with pointing devices and effectively control cursor movement on the computer screen. This thesis involves two studies which utilize an Isometric Joystick in order to access the computer and complete target acquisition tasks.

The Design, Construction and Validation of a New Assistive Walking Device for a Child with Cerebral Palsy

Published June 1, 2008 by Siston, Robert Open Summary
Cerebral palsy is a neuromuscular disorder that affects movement and posture. It is characterized by poor muscle tone and posture, spasticity, unsteady gait, limited mobility, speech impairments, and a forward displaced center of gravity. A child with cerebral palsy experiences certain impairments towards normal function and development, making typically routine daily functions such as eating, walking and writing a challenge.

Considerations for the Use of an Exoskeleton for Extremity Control and Assistance when Learning to Walk with Cerebral Palsy

Published May 2, 2008 by Burnett, Bryant Whitney Rousseau Open Summary
Cerebral palsy is an occurrence in which the nerves and muscles if the body may function properly, but there is damage to the brain that causes it to transmit incorrect electrical impulses to the muscles including both too many and too few signals.

Disability policy and practice at the University of Saskatchewan

Published January 1, 2008 by Livingston, Andrew P. Open Summary
Students with disabilities have to overcome many barriers when attaining post-secondary education. This thesis investigates how programs and policies affect students with disabilities.

Investigation of the effect of intrauterine inflammation and infection on fetal brain injury using human and animal models

Published by Patrick, Lindsay Alexandra Laurentia Open Summary
In recent years, increased focus has been placed on the role of intrauterine infection and inflammation in the pathogenesis of fetal brain injury leading to neurodevelopmental disorders such as cerebral palsy.

Effect of a supination splint on upper limb function of cerebral palsy children after Botulinum Toxin A

Published November 20, 2006 by Delgado, Madalene C. Open Summary
To investigate the effect a supination splint would have on upper limb function of cerebral palsy children for six months after receiving Botox® injections.

Quantification of Muscle Fatigue in Cerebral Palsy and Its Relationship to Impairments and Function

Published November 13, 2006 by Moreau, Noelle G. Open Summary
Three experiments were designed to explore the measurement of muscle fatigue in people with cerebral palsy (CP).

Electrostimulation therapy and selective posterior rhizotomy in the treatment of children with cerebral palsy

Published November 1, 2005 by Helena Mäenpää Open Summary
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a persistent but not unchanging disorder of movement and posture, appearing early in life and caused by a non-progressive lesion of the developing brain.

Chronic sorrow in mothers of adult children with cerebral palsy: an exploratory study

Published July 2, 2005 by Masterson, Marilyn K. Open Summary
Chronic sorrow has been defined as a permanent and reoccurring experience of pervasive sadness and loss which underlies the life experience and which recurs over time for the parent of a child with developmental, medical, or behavior issues that prevent him from participating in society in a way previously anticipated by parents.

Attachment theory and the adjustment to school for young children with special needs

Published July 1, 2005 by Schischka, Janice Open Summary
There is increasing evidence that a positive start to school sets the child up for continued positive educational experiences and future life opportunities(Dockett & Perry, 2007). In an inclusive era, it is important to investigate the processes that promote the success of inclusion.

Environmental Factors that Influence Telecommunications Use by Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy

Published by Carpenter, Sonja Maria Open Summary
Social participation is essential to well-being for adolescents with and without disabilities. Adolescents with a disability, however, often have fewer friendships and experience social isolation compared to their peers without disability. Telecommunications play a vital role in facilitating social participation for adolescents yet those with a disability experience reduced access. Based on the World Health Organisation’s framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) this study aimed to identify environmental factors (barriers and facilitators) that impact on participation in telecommunication use, as perceived by adolescents with cerebral palsy and their communication partners.

Long-term follow-up of very low birthweight children: A prospective study from the southeast region of Sweden

Published June 30, 2005 by Gäddlin Open Summary
The survival rates for very low birthweight (VLBW; birthweight ≤1500 g) children are increasing, but they run a greater risk than controls of developing neurosensory disabilities and other functional problems during childhood.

Selective cerebral hypothermia for term infants following hypoxic ischaemic injury

Published Open Summary
Perinatal hypoxic ischaemic injury is an important cause of both neonatal death and long-term disability. The sequence of resuscitation followed by a latent phase then a secondary cascade of injury is well documented.

Supra-Postural Task Performance in Children with Cerebral Palsy: The Importance of Functional Context

Published by Schmit, Jennifer Marie Open Summary
Postural instability is a classical characteristic of cerebral palsy (CP), but it has not been examined in the during simultaneous supra-postural activity.

Outcomes of an upper limb eccentric strength-training programme for adolescents with cerebral palsy / Siobhan Louise Reid

Published June 29, 2005 by Reid, Siobhan Louise Open Summary
[Truncated abstract] Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood (Reddihough & Collins, 2003). The most characteristic features of those with cerebral palsy are the physical disabilities that arise as a result of the brain lesion, including; spasticity, muscle weakness and atrophy, soft-tissue contracture and joint deformity.

'Just Little Things': Nurses' perceptions of quality of life for people with severe multiple impairments

Published June 28, 2005 by Atkins, Chris Open Summary
Notions of quality of life dictate philosophies and policies for services for people with developmental disabilities. There is an abundance of research on quality of life, much of which has influenced the significant amount of study of quality of life for people with developmental disabilities

Evaluation of clinical outcome measures for children with cerebral palsy

Published June 26, 2005 Open Summary
There are a lack of reliable and valid clinical outcome measures to assess the effects of medical interventions in children with cerebral palsy, potentially compromising research and clinical practice in this area. The objective of this thesis was to identify and develop reliable outcome measures that could be used to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin A in children with cerebral palsy.

Antenatal causes of cerebral palsy and adverse pregnancy outcomes: investigating associations between inherited thrombophilia, cytokine polymorphisms and viral infections

Published January 1, 2005 by Gibson, Catherine Sue Open Summary
Antenatal causes of cerebral palsy and adverse pregnancy outcomes: investigating associations between inherited thrombophilia, cytokine polymorphisms and viral infections.

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Web Resources for Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Children's Hemiplegia and Stroke Association (CHASA)

CHASA is first international non-profit organization to offer information and support to families of infants, children, and young adults who have hemiplegia or hemiplegic cerebral palsy, often due to perinatal stroke, childhood stroke, or other rare causes.

Easter Seals

Easter Seals provides exceptional services, education, outreach, and advocacy so that people living with autism and other disabilities can live, learn, work and play in our communities.

Pathways Awareness

Pathways Awareness was recently invited to Stanford University to present information on early
motor delay detection and intervention to its pediatric residents.

Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation

Survey for People with Disabilities.

Children's Neurobiological Solutions (CNS) Foundation

CNS is a nonprofit research foundation improving the lives of children disabled by neurological disorders through research focused on brain repair and regeneration.

March of Dimes

The March of Dimes is a non-profit organization.

Journal of Pediatric Neurology

Journal of Pediatric Neurology is an English multidisciplinary peer-reviewed medical journal publishing articles in the fields of child neurology, pediatric neurosurgery, pediatric neuroradiology, child psychiatry and pediatric neuroscience. Journal of Pediatric Neurology encourages submissions from all authors throughout the world.

United Cerebral Palsy (UCP)

United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) educates, advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities.

UCP and its nearly 100 affiliates have a mission to advance the independence, productivity and full citizenship of people with a spectrum of disabilities by providing services and support to more than 176,000 children and adults every day—one person at a time, one family at a time. UCP works to enact real change—to revolutionize care, raise standards of living and create opportunities—impacting the lives of millions living with disabilities. For more than 60 years, UCP has worked to ensure the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in every facet of society.


A service of the National Library of Medicine; includes over 14 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950’s and links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals.

National Library of Medicine

The National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, is the world’s largest medical library. The Library collects materials and provides information and research services in all areas of biomedicine and health care.